Convert Levovo T430 Windows 7 Factory Disk to UEFI Without ReInstall

My Lenovo T430 came with UEFI 2.3.1 firmware but Lenovo had factory-installed Windows 7 Professional 64-bit using an MBR-partitioned 500gb disk. I was a bit unhappy with that and decided to convert the disk to GPT (GUID Partition Table) and modify Windows 7 to UEFI-boot without reinstalling Windows 7. This post describes how I did it.