Cisco UCS (Unified Computing System, codenamed Project California during development) was introduced in 2009. It was originally developed as a data center server technology optimized for VMware virtualization workloads, but nowadays is used in many mid-size and large enterprises. One of the key advantages of UCS from a system administration perspective is the radical reduction in system management points to a single management point called the UCS Manager (UCSM) which is implemented as an NX-OS kernel module in a Cisco Nexus 6000 series Fabric Interconnect (FI) switch. A FI is essentially a Top-Of-Rack switch as far as UCS is concerned.
Flash-Friendly File System (F2FS) is a Linux-based log-structured flash file system which takes into account the characteristics of NAND flash memory-based storage devices such as solid-state disks, eMMC, and SD cards with an built-in FTL (flash translation layer). It was developed and is maintained and enhanced by Samsung Electronics. Other available Linux flash file systems, such as jffs2, ubifs and logfs, are targeted at raw flash devices. f2fs was merged into the Linux 3.8 kernel. F2FS is based on Log-structured File System (LFS), which supports versatile “flash-friendly” features. The design has been focused on addressing the fundamental issues in LFS,
Linux namespaces are somewhat like Solaris zones in many ways from a user perspective but have significant differences under the hood. The term namespace isolation is often used because the purpose of namespaces is to provide a group of processes with the illusion that that they are the only processes on the system. This is an important requirement for implementing Linux Containers. Namespaces were developed over a number of years by Eric W. Biederman (user namespaces), Pavel Emelyanov, Al Viro, Cyrill Gorcunov, et al. Six user namespaces (out of 10 proposed) are implemented in RHEL7: mnt – mount points, filesystems